- Using triggers
- Relevant databases
- HFSQL Classic and HFSQL Client/Server
- Available types of triggers
A trigger is a WLanguage procedure automatically called by the HFSQL engine whenever a modification is performed (addition, deletion, modification, ...) on a record of a data file.
A trigger is used to associate a WLanguage process with one or more HFSQL functions without having to worry about the location of these functions in the code. The triggers associated with the HFSQL functions used are run even for the windows or for the code created by a wizard.
The triggers can be applied to all types of data files:
- HFSQL Classic,
- HFSQL Client/Server,
- Native Connectors (Oracle, AS/400, etc.),
- OLE DB, ...
HFSQL Classic and HFSQL Client/Server
HFSQL Classic and HFSQL Client/Server allow you to define the triggers.
In HFSQL Classic mode
, the triggers are handled through programming via the WLanguage functions. These triggers can be used on all the databases. For more details, see The triggers
In Server mode, two types of triggers are available:
- The triggers run on the client. These triggers are equivalent to the Classic mode and they are handled by programming.
- The Server triggers run on the server. These triggers are associated with the stored procedures found on the server. These triggers are directly defined in the analysis (for an advanced use, they can also be defined and handled through programming). For more details, see The server triggers.
Remark: Triggers and threads: If the functions release triggers in different threads, the procedure run in the trigger uses the HFSQL context corresponding to the one of the current function (one HFSQL context per thread).
Using a trigger allows you to:
- Reduce the code size. For example, using a trigger allows you to group the processes associated with one or more HFSQL functions (check for duplicates, consistency of data, ...).
- Make the code easier to read.
- Simplify the future evolutions of the application.
: A file modification performed via a query does not activate the client triggers (hModifyFile
constant used in HExecuteQuery
Available types of triggers
Two types of triggers are available:
- The "BEFORE" triggers:
A "BEFORE" trigger is called before the execution of a FSQL function (HAdd, HModify, HDelete, ...) or before the execution of a function for managing the Table controls based on a data file.
A "BEFORE" trigger can be used for example to check the consistency of data for the items of a record. With this type of trigger, an HFSQL variable can be initialized in order to cancel the execution of the associated HFSQL function.
- The "AFTER" triggers:
An "AFTER" trigger is called after the execution of an HFSQL function (except if the program was interrupted during the execution of this function) or after the execution of a function for managing the Table controls based on a data file.
An "AFTER" trigger can be used to manage the process of errors for example.
Training (WINDEV): WD Trigger
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