Help / WLanguage / Managing databases / HFSQL / HFSQL functions
  • Read operation according to a key item or not
  • Locks
  • Memos
  • Password
  • Miscellaneous
WindowsLinuxUniversal Windows 10 AppJavaReports and QueriesUser code (UMC)
WindowsLinuxPHPWEBDEV - Browser code
AndroidAndroid Widget iPhone/iPadIOS WidgetApple WatchMac CatalystUniversal Windows 10 App
Stored procedures
Sets the position on the last record of a data file according to a browse item. The record is read and the HFSQL variables are updated (e. g. Customer.Name, in other words, the Name item in the Customer data file).
The highest value in the browse item is read (for more details, see remarks).
In most cases, HReadLast is used to set the position in the data file in order to perform a read loop with HReadPrevious.
Several cases may occur after the call to HReadLast:
  • the data file is empty or no record corresponds to the filter (defined by HFilter): no reading is performed and HOut returns True.
  • the function tries to lock a record that is already locked in read-only: no read operation is performed, HErrorLock returns True and HOut returns True.
    PHP The management of locks is not available.
This function can be used with the data files, HFSQL views or queries.
HReadLast(Customer, Name)
WHILE HOut() = False
// Process the record
HReadPrevious(Customer, Name)
<Result> = HReadLast([<Data file> [, <Browse item>] [, <Options>]])
<Result>: Boolean
Corresponds to:
  • False if an error occurred. In this case, HError returns an integer other than 0. HErrorInfo returns more details about the error. The record is not read.
  • the value of HFound in the other cases (the record can be read, even if <Result> returns False).
<Data file>: Optional character string
Name of data file, HFSQL view or query used.
If this parameter is an empty string (""), HReadLast manipulates the last data file used by the last HFSQL function (function starting with "H").
<Browse item>: Optional character string
Name of item used to loop through the data file or the view. If this name is not specified, HReadLast will use:
  • For a data file: the last browse item used on this file by the last function for HFSQL management (starting with the letter H). If this item does not exist, the best browse item is automatically used.
  • For a query: the ORDER BY of the query (if it exists), otherwise the last item used.
  • For a view: the sort item of the view (if it exists), otherwise the last item used.
<Options>: Optional constant (or combination of constants)
  • the lock set on the record read by HReadLast.
  • whether the filter that was defined must be taken into account.
Native Connectors (Native Accesses) Constant that can only be used with Native Connectors (also called Native Accesses).
Optimizes simple iterations that do not use the following features:
  • Reading the previous record.
  • Modifying a record.
  • Saving position.
If one of these features is used, the result may differ from the expected one.
For example, this constant can be used when looping through records to populate a Table control programmatically.
hKeepFilterThe filter set by HFilter will be taken into account, even if the search key is not optimized for the filter. Reminder: HFilter returns the search key optimized for the filter.
Caution: In this case, performance issues may arise for large data files.
Hyper File 5.5 This variable cannot be used.
hLockNoNo lock: the record can be read or modified by another application during the reading.

PHP This constant is not available.

hLockReadWriteLock in read/write mode: the record currently read cannot be read or modified by another application.

OLE DB Lock in write-only. Operating mode equivalent to the hLockWrite constant.

PHP This constant is not available.

hLockWriteLock in write mode: the record currently read can be read by another application but it cannot be modified.

PHP This constant is not available.

OLE DBNative Connectors (Native Accesses) HReadLast does not refresh the content of the table or query. If possible, the query is not re-run. All the saved positions are stored.
OLE DBNative Connectors (Native Accesses) The lock options will have no effect if the locks are not supported by the OLE DB provider or by the Native Connector.
OLE DB The lock mode specified by HReadLast will remain effective during the calls to HReadPrevious and HReadNext.
To change the lock mode, use:
Native Connectors (Native Accesses) For Native Oracle Connector, a different lock mode can be specified for each record. However, if a transaction was started by SQLTransaction before setting the lock, the lock will only be released at the end of the transaction (SQLTransaction with the sqlCommit or sqlRollBack constant).
Hyper File 5.5 The lock options are ignored. Use locking read functions (HReadLastLock) kept for backward compatibility.
PHP The lock options are not available.

Read operation according to a key item or not

If the item is a key, HReadLast reads the record with the greatest key value. The sort order taken into account is the one specified in the analysis for this key. If duplicates are found, HReadLast reads the last "duplicate" record according to the sequence of record numbers.

If the item is not a key, HReadLast reads the last active record. When browsing the data file, the records will be sorted according to their record number.
In this case, the selected browse item will appear in red in the code editor and a warning will be displayed in the "Code" pane.
Remark: The automatic completion proposes the key items only.
WEBDEV - Server codeAjaxHFSQL ClassicHFSQL Client/ServerStored proceduresHyper File 5.5OLE DBNative Connectors (Native Accesses)


By default (<Options> not specified), the record is not locked.
If a lock is requested (hLockWrite or hLockReadWrite constant), the record will be read only if this record is not already locked.
OLE DBNative Connectors (Native Accesses) The lock options will have no effect if the locks are not supported by the OLE DB provider or by the Native Connector.


The memos associated with the record can be automatically read (or not) when reading the record. HSetMemo is used to customize this automatic read operation.
If the memos are supported, the associated text memos are read when the record is read. The binary memos are read only when they are explicitly used (HExtractMemo).
WEBDEV - Server codePHPHFSQL ClassicHFSQL Client/ServerStored proceduresHyper File 5.5OLE DBNative Connectors (Native Accesses)


If HReadLast is the first function that handles the specified data file, the password is checked when the opening data file. If the password is incorrect, HErrorPassword returns True and HOut is set to True.


  • HRecNum returns the current record number.
  • HChangeKey changes the search key while keeping the position on the current record.
  • To optimize the first iterations on a data file, use HOptimize on this data file.
  • This function replaces HReadLastLock and HReadLastNoLock, which were kept for compatibility with WINDEV 5.5.
Component: wd280hf.dll
Minimum version required
  • Version 9
This page is also available for…
Click [Add] to post a comment

Last update: 06/12/2023

Send a report | Local help