- WLanguage: Specific features used to simplify the MVP architecture
- "Mapping" attribute
- MyMappedFile and MyUniqueMappedKey keywords
- "Associated" attribute
- "Presenter" attribute: managing the refresh of views
WINDEV proposes an MVP RAD that generates the "table" and "form" windows as well as the necessary Presenter and Model classes.
The windows correspond to the Views of MVP.
The generated code is free and it can be adapted according to the requirements: it is the generation of the basic application skeleton.
Caution: This development mode uses OOP: it requires a good knowledge of these concepts. This development mode is an advanced development mode.
The MVP RAD is not available. An example with the different classes to build an MVP application is available.
Cross-platform examples (WINDEV Mobile): WM Discover MVP
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This example shows the implementation of an MVP (Model View Presenter) architecture in a project. This example has been simplified to better explain the concepts of this architecture.
WLanguage: Specific features used to simplify the MVP architecture
To simplify the implementation of an MVP architecture, it is important to identify and understand the specific WLanguage elements:
- the mapping attribute (as well as the MyMappedFile and MyUniqueMappedKey keywords),
- the associated attribute,
- the "Presenter" attribute,
- the RequestRefreshUI and RequestRefreshUIParent functions, and the window (or report) refresh event.
The MVP RAD uses these features but they can be used in any type of architecture.
The mapping attribute is used to create a "direct link" between the class and the data file.
MMyExampleFile is Class,mapping = MyExampleFile
Via this attribute:
- MemoryToFile will automatically copy the value of class members into the items of current file record.
- FileToMemory will automatically copy the items of current file record into the class members.
- In order for this mechanism to operate, the names of class members must be identical to the names of items in the data file.
- If necessary: the mapping attribute allows you to use prefixes or names that differ from the analysis ones. To do so, re-use the mapping keyword on the members of the class to re-create the link between the member and its analysis item.
m_sEstateTitle is ANSI string <MAPPING=EstateTitle>
MyMappedFile and MyUniqueMappedKey keywords
In the MBase class generated by the MVP RAD, two keywords are used to simplify the management of mapping: MyMappedFile and MyUniqueMappedKey. These keywords are used to identify, for the MBase base class, the file and the unique key of model:
- MyMappedFile references the data file defined by the mapping keyword in the "Model" class.
For example, the following code is used in the bSave method of the MBase class:
This code will perform a call to HReset on the data file for which the RAD was generated.
- MyUniqueMappedKey references the item defined by the "unique key" mapping in the "Model" class.
For example, in the MMyExampleFile class, MyUniqueMappedKey is equivalent to the MyExampleFileID item:
m_nMyExampleFileID is int<MAPPING=MyExampleFileID, unique key>
These keywords allow you to use generic code in this base class.
attribute is used to access the members, the methods and the properties of a Model class from its Presenter class without having to perform any "rebounds".
PFormMyExampleFile is Class
m_clCurrentModel is MMyExampleFile <associated>
In the above example, the PFormMyExampleFile objects have an "associated" member whose type is MMyExampleFile.
The PFormMyExampleFile objects directly expose the methods, properties and members of the associated class, without having to redefine them.
Via the associated attribute, there is no need to systematically re-create all the properties in the presenter class to expose the members of the model.
The MVP architecture generated by RAD contains generic classes and classes specific to the project. It can be entirely customized!
Simply create the desired methods and properties in the "Presenter" class to override the behavior of the model.
You have the ability to link a control to a member or to a property of the "Presenter" class. Therefore, this link can be performed on all the member or properties of the "Model", exposed by the "Presenter" class with this mechanism.
"Presenter" attribute: managing the refresh of views
The presenter attribute is used during the global declaration of the generated windows. It is used to associate a class of the presenter layer with a view (window or report).
gclPresentation is PTableMonFichierExemple dynamic<presenter>=Null)
When this attribute is used, the call to the window refresh event will be triggered by:
, when deleting an element from a Table window generated by the MVP RAD, a request for updating the UI is performed by the call to RequestRefreshUI
- MArrayMyExampleFile is associated member of PTableMyExampleFile,
- PTableMyExampleFile is defined as "presenter" of the "WIN_Table_MyExampleFile" window.
Then, the refresh event of "WIN_Table_MyExampleFile" will be automatically called when an element is deleted.
The UI refresh event allows grouping all the window refresh processes together, rather than distributing them into several events (click, etc.).
This mechanism is also found in the form window. The form window is linked to the presenter class PFormMyExampleFile containing an associated member MMyExampleFile. Therefore, the refresh requests performed in MMyExampleFile affect the form window.
Caution: The UI refresh event must not be executed "just anywhere"..
are asynchronous: the UI refresh event is executed at the end of the current process, and the calls to RequestRefreshUI
are not stacked. These functions and this mechanism can even be used outside an MVP architecture. This operating mode offers a large benefit
: if a process loop in the model calls 50 times, WLanguage will perform one single call at the end of the process (prevents the UI from flickering).
Note: to request a synchronous UI refresh, simply use ExecuteRefreshUI
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