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  • Overview
  • Simple cardinalities
  • Example of cardinalities
  • Advanced cardinalities
  • Example of advanced cardinalities
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Overview
The cardinalities are used to count the links between the files. Two types of cardinalities are available:
Simple cardinalities
The cardinality is defined according to the answers to the two following questions:
  1. For each record found in the data file, what is the minimum number of records in the other file to which this record is linked?
    The answer provides the first part of the cardinality (minimum cardinality):
    • if the answer is "none", the cardinality is 0,X.
    • if the answer is "a single one", the cardinality is 1,X.
  2. For each record found in the data file, what is the maximum number of records in the other file to which this record is linked?
    The answer provides the second part of the cardinality (maximum cardinality):
    • if the answer is "a single one", the cardinality is X,1.
    • if the answer is "several", the cardinality is X, N.
The answer to these two questions defines the cardinality that can be: 0,1 ; 0,N ; 1,1 ; 1,N
The description of cardinalities is fundamental: it is the basis for respecting the referential integrity of database.
To be clearer, these two questions can be broken down into four questions. For example, to describe a link between the "Club" file and the "Member" file:
  • each "Club" has at least one "Member": Yes/No?
  • each "Club" can have several "Member": Yes/No?
  • each "Member" has at least one "Club": Yes/No?
  • each "Member" can have several "Club": Yes/No?

Example of cardinalities

This example presents two different cardinalities:
  • Cardinality 0,1: A person can be a member of a single sport club. This person does not have to belong to a sport club.
  • 0,N cardinality: A club can have no member or several members.
Advanced cardinalities
The cardinalities can be defined more precisely. We talk of advanced cardinalities.
These cardinalities are used to exactly specify the minimum cardinality and the maximum cardinality.
To define the advanced cardinalities, check "Display the advanced cardinalities" in the link description. The link description can be displayed:
  • when creating a link ("Insert .. Link"), when creating a link.
    Reminder: To create a link, on the "Analysis" pane, in the "Creation" group, click "New link".
  • by double-clicking the representation of a link.

Example of advanced cardinalities

This example presents two different cardinalities:
  • Cardinality 0,1: A person can be a member of a single sport club. This person does not have to belong to a sport club.
  • Cardinality 0,10: A club can have nobody or up to 10 people as members.
Minimum required version
  • Version 9
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